Dan. 11:1 Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, [even] I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.
11:2 And now will I show thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia [see notes on Daniel 11, Dakes Annotated Reference Bible, Dake Bible Sales, Inc., Lawrenceville, GA 30246]; and the fourth shall be far richer than [they] all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia [the first of these kings was Cyrus (Isa. 44:28-45:1), and the last was Arta[xerxes] (Neh. 1.1)].
Medo-Persia is conquered by Alexander the great
11:3 And a mighty king [Alexander the great] shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. [Arta[xerxes] was defeated by the Greeks in 480-479 BC].
Alexander’s kingdom is divided between his four generals
11:4 And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven [Alexander’s four generals (Dan. 7:2, Dan. 8:22)]; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.
11:5 And the king of the south [one of Alexander's four generals who reigned in Egypt / Ptolemy Lagidae] shall be strong, and [one] of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion [shall be] a great dominion.
11:6 And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south [Berenice, the daughter of Ptolemy II] shall come to the king of the north [Seleucus II, descendant of another of Alexander's generals who reigned in Syria / Seleucus I…later the Antichrist] to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in [these] times.
11:7 But out of a branch of her roots shall [one] stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:
11:8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, [and] with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue [more] years than the king of the north.
11:9 So the king of the south shall come into [his] kingdom, and shall return into his own land.
11:10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and [one] shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, [even] to his fortress.
11:11 And the king of the south [Ptolemy III] shall be moved with choler [anger], and shall come forth and fight with him, [even] with the king of the north [Antiochus the Great]: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand.
11:12 [And] when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down [many] ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened [by it].
11:13 For the king of the north [Antiochus the Great] shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches.
11:14 And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south [Ptolemy V] also the robbers [violent ones] of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall.
11:15 So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount [a siege mound], and take the most fenced [fortified] cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither [shall there be any] strength to withstand.
11:16 But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he [Antiochus the Great] shall stand in the glorious land [Palestine], which by his hand shall be consumed.
Antiochus the Great and Ptolemy V reach agreement
11:17 He [Antiochus the Great] shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do: and he [Antiochus the Great] shall give him [Ptolemy V]: the daughter of women [Cleopatra, daughter of Ptolemy V], corrupting her: but she shall not stand [on his side], neither be for him.
11:18 After this shall he turn his face unto the isles [coasts], and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause [it] to turn upon him.
Then he shall turn his face toward the fort [fortresses] of his own
land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found.
11:20 Then shall stand up [Seleucus IV, the son of Antiochus the Great] in his estate a raiser of taxes [in] the glory of the kingdom [he plundered the temple]: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.
© 1997- 2009 Walter J. Taylor; Walter James Taylor
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